One Week Faculty Development Programme for ME department on “Thermal Engineering Applications
January 04, 2016
one week Faculty Development Programmes (FDPs) sponsored by Dr. A.P.J Abdul Kalam Technical University, Uttar Pradesh, Lucknow in three different engineering disciplines on Monday, January 04, 2016. The I.T.S Engineering College is one of the few Engineering College in Uttar Pradesh which has been selected by the University to organize these FDPs in this academic session. The college has the legacy of creating facilities and environment to prepare faculty & students for new challenges. The inaugural of this programme has further strengthened this initiative. The basic objectives of the programme are to enhance the quality of classroom delivery of academic programs being run by the University and to foster a better environment for Research and Innovation in the Academic Institutions. The Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Electronics and Communication Engineering and Mechanical Engineering are respectively organizing FDPs on Machine Learning and its Applications, Wireless and Microwave Engineering and Thermal Engineering Applications during January 04-09, 2016.
The ceremony was marked by the presence of Director of the Institute, Dr. Vineet Kansal, Dean Students Welfare, Dr.Sanjay Yadav, distinguished speakers, Prof. G.N.Tiwari from I.I.T Delhi, Prof. Sanjay Mathur from G.B. Pant University of Agriculture & Technology, Pantnagar and Dr. Anurag Singh Baghel from Gautam Buddha University, Gr. Noida. Head of Departments of various engineering disciplines from host institute and other engineering colleges, faculty members of the parent institute and faculty participants from other reputed engineering colleges also graced the inaugural session. The session began with the traditional lamp lighting and Saraswati Vandana followed by welcome speech by Dr. Sanjay Yadav. He informed the gathering about the various initiatives taken by the college to enhance the quality of engineering education and relevance of FDP in the present context. He expressed thanks to the University on behalf of the college for providing this rare opportunity to organize multiple FDPs in various engineering disciplines.
Institute Director, Dr. Vineet Kansal addressed the gathering emphasizing the need to have such academic events in the college. He elaborated that such events not only encourages the faculty members to maintain their intellectual curiosity but also helps them in adapting to the changing roles in initiating and setting the directions for curricular changes.
Day 1 (o4/01/2016)
Resource Person: Prof. G.N.Tiwari, Centre of Energy Studies, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi
Prof. Tiwari delivered interactive lecture on Photovoltaic (PV) Modules and its Applications. He explained the techniques and concepts for effective harnessing of the Solar Energy through efficient designing of Photovoltaic systems. The detail of the Analytical analysis of Temperature Dependent Electrical Efficiency of Photovoltaic Modules In Different PVT Systems elaborately discussed by Prof. Tiwari. He also showed how we can initiate the entrepreneurship opportunity through Solar Energy.
All the participants were acknowledged with the research areas in the field of renewable energy especially the Solar Energy.
Resource Person: Dr. S.S. Bahga, Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Delhi.
The post lunch session of the day was conducted by Dr. S.S. Bahga, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Delhi. He guided the participants about ‘Lubrication theory’ analysis in heat transfer. The session started by discussing about basics of heat conduction and assumption involved in the analysis. He then implemented the Lubrication theory to this concept to decrease the error caused by the assumptions involved. The approach used was asymptotic analysis to approximate the solutions. He discussed the steps involved in the asymptotic analysis by suitable examples. This session added to the knowledge of the participants about the lubrication theory and also about mathematical modeling of problem and solving it by the new approach.
Resource Person: Dr. M. N. Karimi, Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, JMI Delhi
Prof. Karimi delivered lecture about the “Different Cycles & other Research Options”. He discussed various refrigeration cycles and their thermodynamics analysis. He also elaborated the triple effect refrigeration cycles to achieve wide range of cooling simultaneously using industrial waste heat. The proposed tri-generation system consists of Rankine cycle (RC), ejector refrigeration cycle (ERC), absorption refrigeration cycle (ARC) and, trans-critical N2O refrigeration cycle (TRC) with only one heat source. He also discussed a case study, for the optimization of Organic Rankine cycle by using the various techniques such as Taguchi’s Methods, Genetic Algorithms and Graph Theoretical Approach. The study provided the areas where High Grade wastes heat sources can be utilized. The lecture was very enthusiastic as it provides the area, on extracting more energy from waste energy.
Resource Person: Dr.A.F.Sherwani Assistant Professor, Mechanical Engineering Department of Faculty of Engineering & Technology, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi
He delivered session on the topic “Solar Energy Assessment and Application”. Dr Sherwani introduced the basic fundamental concepts in the use of solar energy and it’s harnessing by the means of photovoltaic cells. Progressing the different technological advancements and related research gaps were presented before the participants. He also discussed the different power outputs of using multiple varieties of cells and their utility in different zones of the country. In his case study, the matter of some solar energy power plants across the country such as in Jaipur, Shrinagar, Kolkata and Delhi were presented in a relative manner. This comparative presentation highlighted the shortcomings and advancements in the solar technology that is being used as now. A discussion of research gap motivated us to put forward their queries to the speaker that were answered with satisfaction to their best. The discussion also resulted in proposing some innovative ideas from faculty members such as using a secondary reflector to harness the pre-reflected sun beam in a better way and thus reducing the area requirement. The session as a whole has been a great success as it was able to motivate the participants to think in that direction and undertake some challenges of the area.
Resource Person: Prof. Naveen Kumar, Mechanical Engineering Department, Delhi Technological University, Delhi.
Prof. Naveen delivered a session on “Algae Biofuels: Myth or Reality”. He introduced the concepts of 3rd generation fuel i.e. bio-waste and algae based fuel as a replacement of petroleum based fuels and promote sustainable and affordable algae biofuels. He discussed the data of Reserves for different Energy Sources, Primary Energy Requirement of different Countries and Per Capita Energy and Electricity consumption of different Countries. He also highlighted about the green house gases, their effect on change in climate and the use of bio-fuels for future prospect. In his case study the biodiesel produced from algae, its sources and feasibility were checked in a relative manner. This comparative presentation highlighted the shortcomings and advancements in the using biodiesel. He also requested the participants to take some challenges of that area such as using higher alcohol as a secondary fuel that can really solve problems in physical world.
Resource Person Dr. P M V Subbaravo, Professor and Associate Dean Hostel Management, IIT Delhi.
The afternoon session was conducted by Dr. P M V Subbarao, IIT Delhi. He delivered a very informative lecture on deeper learning of thermal engineering application through Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD). The lecture was started with philosophy of computational engineering and computational research in thermal engineering. The detailed analysis of flow through ejectors and nozzles for combined oxygen and laser system was carried out which is used in the direct energy weapons. The lecture was concentrated on gain profile of laser beam and control volume breakup of Chemical Oxygen Iodine Laser (COIL) system for the development of supersonic nozzles. The design and detailed analysis of winglet nozzle was also carried out. After this he also encouraged the participants on the contribution of technology for the development of rural areas of India. The lecture delivered by Dr. Subbbarao was highly motivated and gives a deep insight to the research. He informed about the present research scenario in India and uses of the research for the benefits of the nation.
Resource Person: Dr. Prabal Talukdar, Associate Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Delhi.
Dr. Talukdar illuminated the participants on “Modeling of heat transfer inside porous media at high temperature”. He guided the participants about the radiative heat transfer in porous media and also formulation of such structures. His session was also the best time of awareness about pore density, radiative heat transfer in porous media, HTC and effect of porosity in heat transfer. In the later session he highlighted about the Heat Transfer through Fire/Thermal Protective Clothing. He informed about the structure and material of fibre of fire protective clothes and methods to analysis and experimentally compares the results. This helped the participants to update their knowledge about the research of porous media and fire protective clothing.
Resource Person: Dr. Ravi Inder Singh, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, BITS Pilani.
In this session the speaker focused on the ‘Application of CFD in thermal power applications industry'. He analytically brought out the comparisons of various data concerning the electricity power generation and associated deficit of various nations in relation to India. The purpose of using CFD in bringing solution to the thermal power problems rising in thermal power industries is acutely focused. Different thermal power generation companies and associated power generation industries were shown with their data to simplify the understandings of use of CFD. Prof. Singh has shown his research work along the use of CFD in Boiler simulation for heat with prime motive of sharing research ideas in the field of thermal power using CFD.
Resource Person: Dr. Varun Goel, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT Hamirpur
Dr. Varun delivered lecture on “Introduction to Heat Transfer: Theory and Practices”. He focussed on basic concepts of heat transfer and its enhancement. Various heat transfer enhancement techniques such as Artificial wall roughness, porous wall, Fins, grooves, dimpled walls, inserts, Static mixers, Twisted Tape, Wire Coil, Centrifugal Forces, Acoustics etc was explained along with their advantages and disadvantages. In the session he emphasized on small hydro power system for the development of nation. Stretching among RE based electricity generation system Wind Bio mass and small Hydro power contribution maximum share in India context, describing the emission of various pollutant not only operation stage but also construction, Installation and demolition stages by means of CYCLE IMPACT ASSESSMENT between different power generation plants. He also added about the RE based electricity generation System with sustainable development.
Resource Person: Dr. Siddhartha, Assistant Professor, Department of Mechanical Engineering, NIT Hamirpur
He discussed about the “Performance Optimization of solar heater using Unorthodox Techniques” by utilizing information and research related to Genetic Algorithm (GA) approach. He described the thermal efficiency of Solar heaters using Biondi Equation, Velocity, Emissivity, Tilt angle and ambient temperature as variables in the GA approach to find the Thermal performance of the Solar heaters. Cross-over and mutation has been described that are used in GA approach. Finally the comparison of GA approach and Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO) approach has been beautifully drawn out using the results of the two approaches for the same values of parameters in finding the thermal performances.